Pinworm Test

Pinworm Test

Pinworm test - Health professional

     Ask your specialist for a pinworm test if:

  • The parent or the child has symptoms of pinworm infection, if the pinworms have not been and the person wants to be investigated. If a person is infected for the first time, it is recommend confirming the diagnosis by a physician
  • The parent finds worms during bathing the child or during local hygiene, in bedding or in clothes. If the parent started to administrate to his child more than 2 years a irretrievable treatment and the disease has not disappeared. Do not give treatment to children under 2 years without a doctor approval
  • The person had pinworm in the past and in the present have symptoms of reinfection. Ask your specialist
  • The doctor-recommended treatment for pinworm infections and the parasitosis has not healed in time (on average 4 to 6 weeks)
  • You or your child has side effects of treatment for pinworm infection
  • You or your child has a pinworm infection, accompanied by other symptoms:
    • Fever or abdominal pain may be an early sign of complications of pinworm infection
    • Redness, tenderness or swelling of the genitals may be signs of skin infection
    • Vaginal itching or genital area may indicate vaginal pinworm infection
    • Pain on urination, frequent urination or sweeping, the lack of urination control indicates pinworm of the urinary tract.

Watchful controlling of the pinworm

     Watchful waiting is not appropriate when a person shows symptoms of pinworm infection. Although pinworm infection usually shows mild symptoms and do not give serious health problems, treatment should be applied because it stops the parasitosis from spreading to other persons and it prevent reinfection.

     Watchful waiting is not recommended for members of a family with has a person infected with pinworms. If one family member has pinworm infection there are high chances that other family members to be infected. This situation is particularly important for a pregnant woman. A pregnant woman may not be following a treatment for pinworm infection, and so the other family members have to be treated in order to lower the future mother chances of infection. Most doctors recommend treatment for all members of a family to prevent reinfection and the spread of the infection.

Recommended medical specialists

     Health professionals who can diagnose and treat pinworm infection are:

  • Pediatricians
  • Physicians
  • Doctors-internists.

     If there are complications of pinworm infection you can call a specialist on the affected device, for example:

  • Doctor gastroenterologist
  • Urologist
  • Doctor of infectious diseases
  • Gynecologist.

Pinworm test:

     If pinworm infection is suspected, the doctor will take a medical history and a physical exam. The exam will include examination of the perianal region to observe some signs of irritation or redness, if any. Additionally, the doctor will ask the patient to make adhesive tape test. This test is sometimes called the cellophane test or the test with oysters which consists of applying a piece of transparent tape on the perianal region in the morning before rising from bed or before taking a shower. The band is observed under a microscope where searched pinworms or larvae are. This test done 3 times in 3 consecutive days will make the diagnosis of pinworm infection in 90% of cases.

     Other pinworm tests are still done if the physical exam and cellophane test is still negative and pinworm infection is suspected:

  • The stool-sample. Although a stool test may be useful is not usually the best method for diagnosis of pinworm infection because females do not make many eggs in rectum
  • Lower-bowel examination (colonoscopy). It is very rarely, in cases where treatment was not effective or diagnosis is unclear.

     If you suspect a complication of pinworm infection you can make additional pinworm tests. These tests will be tailored to individual symptoms and to the affected region.